Russia begins the trail of its most powerful and one of the largest Icebreakers in the world. On 16th the nuclear-powered Siberia departed for sailing into the Gulf of Finland to begin its testing before the commissioning.
The Siberia is built by the Baltic Shipyard and it's a part of the Russian Project 22220. The vessel has a length of about 569 ft, a maximum beam of 112 ft, and 33,530 dwt. The ship is loaded by a pair of RITM-200 nuclear reactors generating 175MW and managed by a crew of 75 people. Russia reports that the ship can fulfill all the requirements in the future, it can travel up to a speed of 22 knots and it is constructed in a way to handle nine feet thick ice at a speed of 1.5 to 2 knots.
In the 3 weeks of testing the ship will be tested for any and every critical situation and in some operating testing as well which includes the operation of a steam turbine unit, electric propulsion systems of a ship, operation of shaft lines, and deck mechanisms.
The Baltic Shipyard said the keel was laid for Siberia on May 26, 2015. The vessel was launched on September 22, 2017. It is expected that the vessel will be delivered by the end of this year.
The main function of Siberia is to ensure year-round navigation in the Western region of the Arctic after its commissioning. Russia holds a fleet of breakers and the next aim in the future is to develop a civilian icebreaker fleet.
There are a total of five vessels that are planned for the operation and the Siberia is second in class. The first one is Arktika, who started her service in October 2020 and the third in the series is also launched; the remaining two vessels are under construction but soon they also get launched to complete the series.